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Referring to Objects

As with English, Thai uses words like the demonstrative pronouns this, that, these, and those to help determine which item you are referring to when talking. In a sentence, they take the place of the subject noun.

นี่
(nêe)
this - refers to something in the space near the speaker
นั่น
(nûn)
that - refers to something away from the speaker; across the room, but not too far away
โน่น
(nôan)
that - refers to something that is even farther away from the speaker; outside, across a field, etc.

Example: If I am speaking about something in my own hand, I would use นี่. If the object is in your hand, and you are across the room from me, I would use นั่น. If it is a farther distance away from both of us, like outside the window, across a field, etc., I would use โน่น .

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นี่, นั่น, and โน่น

Omission of the subject:

When the meaning is clear, the subject of the sentence may be omitted. One of the demonstrative pronouns is used in its place, and the sentence has no verb expressed. In this form the verb (to be) is implied.

นี่ รูป
(nêe rûpe)
this is a photograph
นั่น บ้าน
(nûn bâan)
that is a house
โน่น โรงเรียน
(nôan rong-rian)
that is a school (over there)

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Lesson Navigation:

New lesson: What's this? That is a . . .

Application Settings:
Gender  (Recordings for your gender)
Transliterations  (Thai words in English)
Interpretations  (What the words mean)

More to come . . .

Active Thai is a work in progress. Please check back often for new lessons.

Support Active Thai

If you like our site, and think these programs are helping you to speak better Thai, please buy us a coffee break using the link below.

Lesson Navigation:

New lesson: What's this? That is a . . .

Application Settings:
Gender  (Recordings for your gender)
Transliterations  (Thai words in English)
Interpretations  (What the words mean)

More to come . . .

Active Thai is a work in progress. Please check back often for new lessons.