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Tone Rules for High Class

Listen, think about the spelling, then refer to the tone rules below to find the correct rule.

ขวา

consonant rule:
vowel length:
final position:
syllable type:
tone mark:
tone to use:
high class
long
vowel
live
none
rising

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Tone Rules for High Class:

If no tone mark is present, then there are two tones possible:

Live Syllable = Rising Tone
Dead Syllable = Low Tone

With tone marks, three tones are possible:


low

falling
Stop Finals
Short Vowels
Sonorant Finals
Long Vowels

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* Special Spellings

A silent can appear before the following eight low class consonants:

ง น ย ล ญ ม ร ว

When it does, the low class syllable takes on the rules of high class syllables. If a tone mark is used, it also follows the rule for high class, but the mark itself is placed of the low class consonant, not the silent .

Although the class of the initial consonant is officially considered low, in our lessons we will treat these words as high class syllables, since they follow the high class tone rules and it will be less confusing for you.

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Lesson Navigation:

Watch Free Thai Lessons on YouTube:

More to come . . .

Active Thai is a work in progress. Please check back often for new lessons.